Grammar Translation Method

The Grammar Translation Method ( GT in short) which is regarded as the first method of language teaching, dominated foreign language teaching from the 1840s to the 1940s ( Richards and Rodgers, 2001). It was originally used to teach the classical languages, Latin and Greek due to which it was also known as Classical Method. … Read more

Post method pedagogy

Post method pedagogy is relatively a new concept in the field of ELT. It requires teachers to be context sensitive, innovative, and autonomous. Practitioners are suggested to be context sensitive rather than the strict follower of prescribed methods as granted. Teacher autonomy is so central that it can be seen as defining the heart of … Read more


Naturalism is a materialistic philosophy. It believes that the material world is a real world. It believes that there is no existence of the spiritual world beyond this material world. The main element of this material world is the nature which is eternal. It believes that nature never changes. Change takes place only in the … Read more

Schools of Philosophy (B.Ed First year note)

Schools of Philosophy with reference to Philosophical premises, Objectives, Educational process, Curriculum, Role of teacher and Role of Students in the context of school education 6.4.1 Idealism 6.4.2 Naturalism 6.4.3 Realism 6.4.4 Pragmatism 6.4.1   Idealism Idealism is the oldest school of philosophical thought. Idealism believes in the existence of spiritual world apart from the physical … Read more

Relationship between philosophy and education (Foundation of Education unit 6)

Introduction Education without philosophy is a blind whereas philosophy without education becomes lame. The relationship between them can be discussed on the basis of following points; Both philosophy and education are related to human civilization. The aim of education will never attain complete clearness on itself without philosophy Philosophy and education are like two sides … Read more

General Introduction of Western Philosophy

Introduction Western philosophies have their root in the ancient European civilizations of Greece and Rome. The introduction of the terms ‘philosopher’ and ‘philosophy’ has been ascribed (associated with) to the Greek thinker Pythagoras. The history of western philosophy is divided into six-period; Ancient philosophy Medieval philosophy Renaissance philosophy Early modern philosophy Late modern philosophy Contemporary … Read more

General Introduction of Eastern Philosophy

Introduction In the Eastern world, a variety of philosophies keep on developing throughout the passage of history. A number of philosophers and a variety of philosophies arise and come to existence in the eastern part of the world concerning philosophical views on education. Eastern philosophy remains very subtle and extended. Veda is regarded as the … Read more

Scope/Fields/Branches of Philosophy

There are three branches/fields/branches of philosophy viz; Metaphysics (Theory of reality) Epistemology; (Theory of knowledge) Axiology; (Theory of value) Metaphysics (Theory of Reality) Metaphysics is related to the search for ultimate truth. It investigates the nature of being and the world. It is concerned with explaining the fundamental nature of being and the world. Metaphysics … Read more

Meaning and Definition of philosophy | Purpose of Philosophy | B.Ed First Year

Meaning of Philosophy The English word ‘philosophy’ is derived from two Greek words ‘Philos’ and ‘ Sophia’. The word ‘Philos’ means intense love and ‘Sophia’ means knowledge or wisdom. So, etymologically, philosophy is the love for knowledge or love for wisdom. The one who loves knowledge or wisdom is named as a philosopher. ‘Darshan’ is … Read more