Naturalism is a materialistic philosophy. It believes that the material world is a real world. It believes that there is no existence of the spiritual world beyond this material world. The main element of this material world is the nature which is eternal. It believes that nature never changes. Change takes place only in the … Read more

Schools of Philosophy (B.Ed First year note)

Schools of Philosophy with reference to Philosophical premises, Objectives, Educational process, Curriculum, Role of teacher and Role of Students in the context of school education 6.4.1 Idealism 6.4.2 Naturalism 6.4.3 Realism 6.4.4 Pragmatism 6.4.1   Idealism Idealism is the oldest school of philosophical thought. Idealism believes in the existence of spiritual world apart from the physical … Read more

General Introduction of Western Philosophy

Introduction Western philosophies have their root in the ancient European civilizations of Greece and Rome. The introduction of the terms ‘philosopher’ and ‘philosophy’ has been ascribed (associated with) to the Greek thinker Pythagoras. The history of western philosophy is divided into six-period; Ancient philosophy Medieval philosophy Renaissance philosophy Early modern philosophy Late modern philosophy Contemporary … Read more

Michel Foucault’s Theory and Its Implications in Education

Michel Foucault (1926-1984) was a French philosopher, social and intellectual  historian and cultural critic. He was born in  Poitiers who was the son of upper-middle  class parents. After World War II, he went  to Paris and was admitted to the esteemed  Ecole Normale Superieure in 1946 where  he received degrees in Philosophy in 1948  and … Read more

Jacques Derrida and His Contributions in Education

Jacques Derrida was born on 15 July  1930 at EL Biar, Algreia and died on 8 Oct.  2004 at Paris, France. He was born to  Sephardic Jewish-parents in French governed Algeria. Derrida was educated in  French tradition, studied at the elite Ecole  Normale Superieure. He also published  many books and lectured at renowned  universities like … Read more

John Dewey and His Contributions in Education

John Dewey (1859-1952) studied philosophy at John Hopkins University and had a position in the department of philosophy at Michigan University. He was the very first person who was influenced by  German Idealism as it was prevailing in the then academia. Dewey took philosophy as comprehensive psychology. Later on, he shifted it from German Idealism … Read more