Tiger is a wild animal, which has been declared as the national animal in India by the Indian government. It is considered to be the most ruthless wild animal, which frightens everyone. It is a very powerful animal, which can jump for long distances. It looks very quiet, however, is very clever and can catch its prey even from a great distance.
The tiger is called the Lord of the Jungle, as he is considered a symbol of wealth in the wild life in the country. The tiger is a mixture of strength, attractiveness, a lot of power and agility, which is a great reason for its respect and admiration. It is said that half of the total tiger population lives in India. However, over the past few decades, there has been a steady decline in the number of tigers in India. “Project Tiger” was started by the Government of India in 1973, to save the existence of the royal animal in the country.
There are approximately eight species of tigers and the Indian species is called Royal Bengal Tiger. Tigers are found almost all over the country. Just a few years after the launch of Project Tiger campaign, there has been a huge increase in the number of tigers in India. According to the 1993 tiger census, the total number of tigers in the country was around 3,750. Under Project Tiger, 23 conservation centers (in an area of 33,406 sq. km) were established almost all over the country.
Around 23 tiger sanctuaries have been created to provide protection and natural environment to tigers across the country. After this plan, in the 1993 census, there was a marked improvement in the number of tigers. Though there has been an increase in the number of tigers in India, the number of tigers in the country is still not satisfactory as compared to the money spent in this scheme.