Introduction to Education (B.Ed First Year Notes)

Meaning of Education

  • The word “educate” comes from the Latin “educere”, meaning “to lead out”, “to bring out”.
  • The ‘educate’ means to bring out of the child, the student, that sprit of learning and wonder the desire to know, that thirsts for knowledge.
  • Education is the process of bringing desirable change into the behavior of human beings.
  • Sociologist Rodney stark declares that “education is the cheapest, most rapid, and most reliable path to economic advancement under present condition.”
  • Education means training of the country and love the nation.

Characteristics of Education

  • Education is goal oriented or directed toward the achievement of goal.
  • It is lifelong and continuous process.
  • It is organization of experiences and process of adjustment to environment.
  • It is essential, universal and dynamic process.
  • It helps develop the knowledge, skill and attitude of human.
  • Education is cognitive, psychomotor, and affective or attitudinal process of behavioral change.

Aims and Objective of Education

  1. Individual aim/objective of education
  2. Social aim/objective of education

1) Individual Aim/Objective of Education

The individual aim/objective of education have following character :-

a. Self -expressions
b. Self-realization
c. Vocational development
d. Development of personality
e. Development of innate
f. Complete living
g. Development of moral character
h. Leadership
i. Adjustment in life
j. Leisure utilization
k. Development of knowledge

2.Social Aim/Objective of Education

The social aim/objective of education have following criteria :-

i. Development of Economic Efficiency

a. Vocational efficiency
b. Professional information and choice
c. Workmanship
d. Personal economy
e. Economic production

ii. Civic Knowledge

a. Production of good citizens
b. Knowledge of constitution and law
c. Sense of world citizens
d. Social justice activity and understanding
e. Cultural development

iii. Development of Human Relation

a. Social unity and understanding other/social feeling
b. Social humanity, friendship, co-operation, co-ordination, courtesy, co-relation
c. Involvement in social and collective activities

Nature of education

  1. Formal and Informal
  2. General and Specific
  3. Individual and collective education

1. Formal Education

  • Formal is sequentially structure education system designed to fulfilled pre-determined objective.
  • It is fixed process for admission.
  • Curricula are pre-determined and fixed.
  • Teacher must be well-educated.
  • It runs from primary school through the university.
  • Rules and regulation must be important.

2. Non-formal Education

  • It is conscious and flexibly organized to achieve pre-determined objective.
  • It has not distinct grade.
  • Time is flexible.
  • Flexible process of admission.
  • Any person having knowledge and skill can become the teacher.
  • Rules and regulation are less important.

3.Informal Education

  • Informal education is the least controlled that’s why this type of education can not be excluded of somebody’s life.
  • It consists of accidental, unclear, quantitative information.
  • It offers responsiveness ready response when interact with environment.
  • It offers possibility to freely act in unknown situation.
  • It offers freedom of self-formation.

Leave a Comment