Experts have said that Nepal is also at the high risk of Nipah virus infection. Shukraraj Tropical and Communicable Diseases Hospital Research Branch Coordinator Dr. According to Sher Bahadur Pun, Nipah virus-infected species has been found in Nepal. Therefore, Nepal is at high risk of contracting the virus, he said.
According to him, this species is found in the territory from east to west of Nepal. “Even in Keshar Mahal of Kathmandu Valley, this species of Chamero can be seen in abundance,” he said. The Nipah virus is transmitted from Chamero to Bangur, cattle and from them to Mansima. The virus is also spread from one person to another person. The virus is found in the foot of the genus ‘Foot Bat Ja Teropus’.
The virus is transmitted to humans when the fruit of the species is not washed properly. The virus is transmitted from infected person’s urine, saliva, sweat, blood, etc. to other people. Business people are at even higher risk of contracting the disease.
Research has been done many years ago on the presence of Nipah virus infectious species in Nepal. According to the research done in 2019, this species have been found in Dang, Saptari, Sunsari, Morang, Jhapa, Kaski, Nawalparasi and other districts. As these districts are the main breeding grounds for wild boar migration from Chamero to Bangur, Nepal is at high risk of this virus. Pun said.
Currently, the number of people infected with Nipah virus is increasing in India. He said that students from Nepal are flocking to Kerala, India, and from other states. “Because of this, there is a lot of risk in Nepal.” Head of the National Epidemiology and Disease Control Division and spokesperson of the Ministry of Health and Population, Dr. Krishna Prasad Poudel said.
Nepal is at high risk of spreading Nipah virus in India, according to the department. Spokesperson Poudel said that all local bodies across the country have been instructed to be vigilant. He said that he has already instructed all the local bodies on Monday to be vigilant and vigilant in the minds of the people.
Chamero of this species is also found in India, Malaysia, Singapore, Poland, Myanmar and other countries. In 2001, the virus spread to Siliguri in the state of West Bengal, which is connected to Nepal. Symptoms include fever, cough, nausea, shortness of breath, and body aches.
As there is no cure for Nipah virus, it is treated according to the symptoms like other viruses. However, some people are pushed into a coma and even pushed to the brink of death. The virus is considered to be relatively risky as it is likely to kill 45 to 75 percent of those infected with the virus. As there is no specific treatment for Nipah virus and access to testing is not sufficient in Nepal, it is not possible to identify the disease in time even if it is infected.
Head of the Division Dr. According to Poudel, the disease is tested only at the National Public Health Laboratory. Due to lack of access across the country, some patients have to be tested by health workers only on suspicion. There is no research on whether the disease was present in Nepal or not. Doctors are advising everyone to be vigilant as the risk is increasing.
To avoid the virus, eat only well-washed fruits, cooked vegetables as much as possible, keep cattle sheds and farms clean, use gloves and masks when cutting and cooking meat, drink only boiled water, wash hands with soap and water, use masks when outdoors, and bite birds. Medicine is suggested to take measures including not eating fruits. Infection with the Nipah virus is considered one of the 10 deadliest diseases in the world.